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Laws & Rules

Chapter I                 : Preliminary
Chapter II                : Digital Signature
Chapter III               : Electronic Governance
Chapter IV                : Attribution, Acknowledgment And Despatch Of Electronic Records
Chapter V                 : Secure Electronic Records And Secure Digital Signatures
ChapterVI                 : Regulation Certifying Authorities
Chapter VII               : Digital Signature Certificates
Chapter VIII              : Duties Of Subscribers
Chapter IX                : Penalties And Adjudication
ChapterX                  : The Cyber Regulations Appellate Tribunal
Chapter XI                : Offences
Chapter XII               : Network Service Providers Not Be Liable In Certain Cases.
Chapter XIII              : Miscellaneous
The First Schedule     : Amendment To The Indian Penal Code (See Section 91)(45 Of 1860]
The Second Schedule: Amendments To The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (See Section 92) [1 Of 1872]
The Third Schedule   : Amendments To The Bankers' Books Evidence Act, 1891 (See Section 93) [18 Of 1891]
The Fourth Schedule : Amendment To The Reserve Bank Of India Act, 1934 (See Section 94) [2 Of 1934]


1. Secure electronic records

Where any security procedure has been applied to an electronic record at a specific point of time, then such record shall be deemed to be a secure electronic record from such point of time to the time of verification.

2. Secure digital signature

If, by application of a security procedure agreed to by the parties concerned, it can be verified that a digital signature, at the time it was affixed, was-

    (a) unique to the subscriber affixing it;

    (b) capable of identifying such subscriber;

    (c) created in a manner or using a means under the exclusive control of the subscriber and is linked to the electronic record to which it relates in such a manner that if the electronic record was altered the digital signature would be invalidated. then such digital signature shall be deemed to be a secure digital signature.
3. Security procedure

The Central Government shall for the purpose of this Act prescribe the security procedure having regard to commercial circumstances prevailing at the time when the procedure was used, including-
    (a) the nature of the transaction;

    (b) the level of sophistication of the parties with reference to their technological capacity;

    (c) the volume of similar transactions engaged in by other parties;

    (d) the availability of alternatives offered to but rejected by any party;

    (e) the cost of alternative procedures; and

    (f) the procedures in general use for similar types of transactions or communications.


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